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Solutions to Land Degradation
RIGHT # 1

ARTICLE

All members of the community have the right of access and the opportunity
to use their land in a sustainable manner by openly discussing
environmental concerns and by being empowered to formulate and implement
actions that are symbiotic with the local geologic, hydrologic, and
cultural  environment.
 

OBJECTIVE:

To insure that the land within all communities of the world is utilized in
a sustainable manner and that the use reflects the culture of the local
community.
 

METHOD:

To form a panel of representatives of all interest parties to make
decisions regarding land use. Representatives will hold community meetings
in which the public could express opinions and concerns; informative can be
provided regarding the hydrologic and geologic aspects of the land in
question; the social and economic needs of the community as a whole can be
expressed; and the impact on the environment can be evaluated.  In
addition, a support group shall be responsible for raising funds to sustain
the work of the committee.
 

EVALUATION:

The representatives of all interest parties will be responsible to ensure
that detailed information is provided to the community regarding the
various aspects of the land and the impact of its use.  This evaluation
shall take place annually.

           


RIGHT #2

ARTICLE:

The community has the right to live on land which provides a sustainable
lifestyle, free of risk.
 

OBJECTIVE:

To establish sustainable land use practices that do not have a negative
impact on the health of the community or the ecosystem.
 

METHOD:

1. Governments and NGO's will form committees to promote sustainable land
use practices.

2. Before developing land, a clear evaluation procedure will be established
and implemented.

3. Methods shall be established to remedy any degraded land prior to
agricultural or residential use (i.e. - salinity, erosion, leeching,
stagnation, chemical composition, etc. )

4. Crop rotation, low impact irrigation and fertilization practices, and
other sustainable methodologies will be enforced.
 

EVALUATION:

Official evaluations will take place every three years.  An evaluation
panel will be made up of health officials,  environmentalists, government
officials and related experts.  Results will be published collectively in
an annual report which will provide solutions and updates.



 

RIGHT  #3

ARTICLE:

The community has the right to expect continuous research and monitoring
of their land to insure agriculturally productive land for all future
generations.

OBJECTIVE:

To restore the fertility of the land and to prevent future in order to
increase the productivity of the land and ultimately the standard of living
of the community.

METHOD:

1. Groups of volunteers (i.e. - students, community members) and
specialists will gather in order to monitor and research aspects of the
local environment. This information would then be funneled to the local
groups in their land use planning.

2. Volunteers and experts would be empowered to collect data within their
specific catchment (watershed) area.

3. Community meetings will be scheduled once a month for feedback from groups.

EVALUATION:

Official evaluations will take place every three years.  An evaluation
panel will be made up of catchment (watershed) experts and community
volunteers who will publish information updates that will be disseminated
to the public.



 

RIGHT #4

ARTICLE:

The government has the right to coordinate and legislate against practices
in the community that degraded the land/environment making it vulnerable
for future generations.

OBJECTIVE:

The government will coordinate activities and the community to protect the
land for future generations while working in harmony with the
community.

METHOD:

1. The government will assist the coordination of the research and
monitoring of the catchment (watershed) areas.

2. The government will actively fund and legislatively support the local
catchment(watershed) groups.

3. The government shall pass legislation that protects catchment
(watershed) areas against practices that lead to degradation.

EVALUATION:

Government legislation, practices and policies shall be reviewed every two
years to insure the effective coordination with catchment (watershed)
groups.

 


RIGHT #5

ARTICLE:

The rights of the environment should be considered before the community
and before that of individuals.

OBJECTIVE:

To make the rights of the environment the first consideration while
continuing to consider the needs of the community and the individual,
creating a balance between humans and nature in all areas, both urban and
rural.

METHOD:

1. Community environmental awareness programs shall be established.

2. Educational strategies shall be incorporated into the life-long learning
curriculum

3. Decisions regarding land use shall be based on continual research and
monitoring on the condition and stability of the catchment  (watershed) areas.

4. Informational meetings regarding the impact of land use on the
environment shall be held periodically within the community.

5. Media shall use strategies in order to increase the awareness of
environmental impacts caused by land use.

EVALUATION:

The community will be surveyed regarding their awareness and value of the
impact of land use on the environment.



 

RESPONSIBILITY #1

ARTICLE:

The community has the responsibility to use and care for their land in a
manner that maintains its quality and value for future generations.

OBJECTIVE:

To respect the land and maintain its quality for future generations.

METHOD:

1. Educate the people about respecting the land and use of sustainable land
practices.

2. Advertise facts and information to help people understand the objectives
of sustainability.

3. Communication forums will be established to inform the people.

4. Incentive programs shall be established to encourage sustainable use and
care of the land.

EVALUATION:

Surveys shall serve as the initial step towards assessing the effectiveness
of the communication strategies. Regular mediated meetings will evaluate
the effectiveness of the methodologies.



 

RESPONSIBILITY #2

ARTICLE:

The community has the responsibility to learn and to help others understand
how to live and work cooperatively with the land in a sustainable manner.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide available resources that allow the people to use the knowledge
obtained at meetings and through their own education so that they have the
opportunities to prevent land degradation in all areas.

METHOD:

1. Land degradation issues will be taught in schools and in community
education forums in order to facilitate the improved understanding of the
issues for all people.

2. Schools in communities will come together and have debates regarding
land use issues that are open to the public.

3. Knowledge gained from the educational forum shall be disseminated within
the community.

EVALUATION:

Surveys shall serve as the initial step towards assessing the effectiveness
of the educational strategies. Regular mediated meetings will evaluate the
effectiveness of the methodologies.



 

RESPONSIBILITY #3

ARTICLE:

The government has the responsibility to understand land use issues and to
coordinate, regulate, and fund programs that research, monitor, educate,
and empower the community to solve their problems.

OBJECTIVE:

For governments to insure that communities can solve their land degradation
problems through research, funding, education, and empowerment.
 

METHOD:

1. The government in cooperation with communities will coordination and
regulate the research, monitoring, and education strategies of land use
issues.

2. The government will actively fund and legislatively support communities
in the implementation of these land use strategies.
 

EVALUATION:

Government legislation, practices and policies shall be reviewed every two
years to insure the effective coordination of all land use issues.



 

RESPONSIBILITY #4
 

ARTICLE:

Members of a community have the responsibility to recognize and take action
to solve their environmental, social, and economic issues in a balanced
manner.

OBJECTIVE:

Governments and citizens will employ methods that insure the highest
level of land use practices.

METHOD:

1. Members of the community that are involved in using the land are
required to implement sound sustainable land use practices. These are some
action strategies that could be used:

        a) The concept of a controlled environmental greenhouse shall be
        introduced as an option/alternative to farms whose land easily suffers
        from land degradation.

        b) Farmers will revert to such agricultural practices as crop rotation
        in order to preserve soil quality.

        c) Farmers suffering from water erosion and water logging problems
        from irrigating will move to drip irrigation methods to maintain soil
        quality.

        d) Farmers are to use minimum / conservation tillage methods.

        e) Farmers are to use precision agricultural methods.

2. Government is to legislate to insure that sustainable land use
strategies are adopted.
 

EVALUATION:

Sustainable land use strategies will be monitored for their impact on the
environment.  The results will be fed back to the community through
various meetings.

 



 

RESPONSIBILITY #5:

ARTICLE:

The community has the responsibility to respect the rights of the land/
environment when making decisions about its use.

OBJECTIVE:

Governments and citizens will employ methods that place the rights of the
land as a priority when making decisions on land use.

METHOD:

The government and community members within a catchment  (watershed) area
shall consider the issues related to impact on the land first when making
decisions on land use.  Impact on the land and the watershed shall be the
screen by which all decisions are made.

EVALUATION:

The decisions made by governments and catchment (watershed) groups shall be
reviewed annually, and publicly reported.


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